Graph 1 Writeup – CTE Symptoms:

111 chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) patients from a study evaluating American football players reported on their symptoms. As expressed in the graph below, many patients had significant neurological and/or psychological symptoms. It is important to note that physicians and researchers have not reached a consensus on the symptoms of CTE, however they are thought to be similar to those of patients with Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

Graphic Source: Li, Charles/Clearvue Health; Data Source: Mez J, et al. Clinicopathology Evaluation of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Players of American Football. Jama 2017;318(4): 360-370.


Graph 2 Writeup – TBI Psych Disorder: 

The graph below displays an evaluation of 60 patients who suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI) to determine the occurrence of psychiatric disorders during a 30-year follow-up. Another study by the National Institute of Health in 2019 revealed that approximately 1 in 5 individuals may experience mental health symptoms up to six months after traumatic brain injury, thus indicating the importance of follow-up care for these patients.

Source: Koponen, S., Taiminen, T., Portin, R., et al. (2002). Axis I and II Psychiatric Disorders After Traumatic Brain Injury: A 30-Year Follow-Up Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(8), 1315-1321. 

Graph 3 Writeup – Pediatric Mental Health:

The graph below summarizes significant data from the National Survey of Children’s Health, in which parents reported on the diagnosis their child received from a healthcare provider. The 2016 survey also indicated that as many as one in six U.S. children between the ages of 6 and 17 has a treatable mental health disorder such as depression, anxiety problems or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Mental health in childhood means reaching developmental and emotional milestones and learning healthy social skills and how to cope when there are problems. 

children disorders